Biochim Biophys Acta 2000 00, 1464: 1, 69-82
Abstract: A synthetic Cl(-) channel-forming peptide, C-K4-M2GlyR, applied to the apical membrane of human epithelial cell monolayers induces transepithelial Cl(-) and fluid secretion. The sequence of the core peptide, M2GlyR, corresponds to the second membrane-spanning region of the glycine receptor, a domain thought to line the pore of the ligand-gated Cl(-) channel. Using a pharmacological approach, we show that the flux of Cl(-) through the artificial Cl(-) channel can be regulated by modulating basolateral K(+) efflux through Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels. Application of C-K4-M2GlyR to the apical surface of monolayers composed of human colonic cells of the T84 cell line generated a sustained increase in short-circuit current (I(SC)) and caused net fluid secretion. The current was inhibited by the application of clotrimazole, a non-specific inhibitor of K(+) channels, and charybdotoxin, a potent inhibitor of Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) channels. Direct activation of these channels with 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO) greatly amplified the Cl(-) secretory current induced by C-K4-M2GlyR. The effect of the combination of C-K4-M2GlyR and 1-EBIO on I(SC) was significantly greater than the sum of the individual effects of the two compounds and was independent of cAMP. Treatment with 1-EBIO also increased the magnitude of fluid secretion induced by the peptide. The cooperative action of C-K4-M2GlyR and 1-EBIO on I(SC) was attenuated by Cl(-) transport inhibitors, by removing Cl(-) from the bathing solution and by basolateral treatment with K(+) channel blockers. These results indicate that apical membrane insertion of Cl(-) channel-forming peptides such as C-K4-M2GlyR and direct activation of basolateral K(+) channels with benzimidazolones may coordinate the apical Cl(-) conductance and the basolateral K(+) conductance, thereby providing a pharmacological approach to modulating Cl(-) and fluid secretion by human epithelia deficient in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl(-) channels.