William Conder, D.C.

ABSTRACT Objective: A case series report on treatment of patients with aluminum toxicity is presented.

Clinical Features: Evidence indicating the metabolic toxicity of aluminum is reviewed from the literature and its clinical consequences, signs and symptoms, are reviewed. The effects of aluminum upon the biochemical pathways of the body are given. 5 cases (4 females and one male, ranging in age from the early teens to the mid-80’s) are described whose diagnosis and treatment outcomes are reviewed.

Intervention and Outcome: AK evaluation showed several commonalities among the patients in this report. Hypoadrenia was present in all patients (demonstrating a positive Ragland’s sign, sartorius muscle weakness, positive adrenal NL reflexes); as well as hiatal hernia, aerobic deficiency, and electromagnetic field sensitivity (positive indicator muscle test upon placing a quartz wrist watch anywhere on the patients body). The author consistently found, using nutrient testing with a homeopathic test kit, the following: excess aluminum, deficient magnesium, B vitamin and calcium disturbances. This case series showed that the positive indication for aluminum toxicity resolves in 4 to 6 weeks under the best of circumstances, although the myalgia and other muscle related symptoms may take considerably longer to abate. The removal of aluminum by malic acid and correction of magnesium deficiency by supplementation corrected the relative imbalance in the other micronutrient deficiencies involved in cases of aluminum toxicity.

Conclusion: Evidence indicating the metabolic toxicity of aluminum is strong. In addition to correcting hiatal hernia, dysbiosis and encouraging the patient not to consume antacids, antibiotics, and use aluminum containing antiperspirants), supplementation with malic acid and magnesium hydroxide and recommending measures for stress reduction was successful in this case series report. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:1-10)

Key Indexing Terms: Aluminum; Poisoning; Adverse Effects; Diagnosis; Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition; Case Management; Treatment; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

David W. Leaf, D.C., D.I.B.A.K.

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the concept that cranial faults occur due to imbalances in the major muscles that attach to the cranial bones.

Clinical Features: The forces exerted upon the cranium during normal chewing, movement, and response to gravity by the muscles that attach to the skull is hypothesized to be the motive force for the cranial faults seen in the clinical setting. Failure of inhibition in the upper trapezius during walking, or imbalances in the muscles that turn the head gives an idea of the consequences of chronic hyper or hypotonic muscles upon the cranium. A chronic dropping of the arch of the foot can lead to over contraction of the pterygoid muscles on the same side. Pelvic imbalances can relate to pterygoid hypertonicity also. The body is a closed kinematic chain and so correction of cranial faults requires an evaluation of the total structure to determine the cause of muscular imbalances affecting the cranium.

Intervention and Outcome: The specific muscular and cranial articular relationships found that produce cranial faults are described. The functional integration of cranial bone movement with the muscular system is demonstrated. A basic understanding of the muscular and fascial influences presented in this paper leads to the conclusion that the status of soft tissues that attach directly to the skull, and the rest of the body whose status greatly influences these tissues, can influence cranial function.

Conclusion: This paper attempts to expand insights into the underlying causes of cranial faults.   The muscles of the body act upon the cranial bones and the dural membranes via fascial continuity, changing the tension placed upon them and altering their functional motion potentials. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:17-20)

Key Indexing Terms: Skull; Biomechanics; Musculoskeletal Abnormalities; Muscle, Skeletal; Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

Timothy D. Francis, M.S., D.C., D.I.B.A.K., D.H.M.

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the correlations between homeopathy and muscles/organs/glands in the body that may be verified by MMT.

Clinical Features: An exhaustive review of the basic concepts of homeopathic thinking, history, diagnosis and treatment is given. Dr. Samuel Hahnemann’s work (1755-1843), the originator of homeopathy, is described. Homeopathy is based on the Law of Similars where “like cures like”. Diseases are treated by highly diluted substances that cause, in healthy persons, symptoms like those of the disease to be treated. The dilutions are repeated so many times that there is less than one molecule per dose and it is suggested that benefit is from the energetic life force of the original substance. The homeopathic physician seeks to match the symptom-pattern of the patient with that of a medicine. This necessitates a full symptomatic description of the patient’s ailment, including everything that can be seen with the eyes or perceived by the other senses. The patient is also questioned about his perceptions and sensations, since he can know information that is not accessible to the physician’s own observational powers. For the homeopathic physician, the number of diseases in the world is coextensive with the number of patients.

Intervention and Outcome: The homeopathic indications via MMT are presented. An extensive list of homeopathic remedies is correlated with muscles in the body. Indications from the patient’s symptom complex are correlated with the muscles that are inhibited on MMT; muscles that facilitate with the ingestion of the appropriate homeopathic remedy. Because there are over 3,000 homeopathic remedies, this presentation is not all-inclusive. A clinical algorithm is presented so that this complex treatment protocol can be better understood.

Conclusion: This comprehensive paper includes 171 references, and suggests that one of the great systems of health care can be verified and made clinically useful with AK methods. Clinical trials using these two methods of therapy together should be undertaken. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:33-94)

Key Indexing Terms: Homeopathy; Review [Publication Type]; Historical Article [Publication Type]; Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition; Diagnosis;   Treatment; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

Douglas N. Hibbard, D.C.

ABSTRACT Objective: 10 subjects were exposed to Infrasonic Qi-Gong to assess its influence on common AK indicators related to the pyramidal distribution of weakness.

Clinical Features: The discipline of Qi-Gong has been used for millennia in China to treat sickness. The technological discovery of Qi-Gong came when an acoustics researcher, Dr. Lu Yan Fang, tested a Qi-Gong master for sonic emissions from his hands. She found him to emit a strong signal 100 times the emission of a normal person. Dr. Lu constructed a device that reproduces this emission in order to test its potential physiological effects. Many positive neurological states have been registered with EEG measurements using the Qi-Gong device.

Intervention and Outcome: 10 volunteers were recruited for this study. Parameters tested were: passive internal thigh rotation range of motion; body length indicators (out stretched arm length); and standard testing of muscles related to the pyramidal distribution of weakness. An infrasonic Qi-Gong therapeutic massage device set on the low position was directed towards the cranium of the volunteer from a distance of 5 inches while the parameters were evaluated. Muscle strength was improved in 67% of the subjects; passive internal thigh rotation became equal in 71%; outstretched arms equalized in 75%.

Conclusion: The infrasonic Qi-Gong massager appeared to have immediate neurological influences upon the subjects tested. Future studies to assess the scope of applications within natural health care for this instrument are necessary. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:95-98)

Key Indexing Terms: Complementary Therapies; Medicine, Chinese Traditional; Outcome Assessment (Health Care);Kinesiology, Applied; Chiropractic

Walter H. Schmitt, Jr., D.C., D.I.B.A.K., D.A.B.C.N.

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the hypothesis that the acupuncture point GV-21, when it has positive TL, will correlate with the author’s centering the spine (CTS) patterns of MMT.

Clinical Features: Acupuncture point GV-21, located at the bregma, is suggested to be the location for a point which will TL or respond to several taps by the doctor when the patient will also respond to one of seven patterns: the 6 CTS patterns, and visually focusing on a point. The 6 CTS patterns are right gait, left gain, spinal extension, spinal flexion, spinal lateral flexion left, spinal lateral flexion right, and focusing the eyes on a point. Each of these CTS patterns has a purportedly specific structural and neurotransmitter significance. The effect of each of the CTS challenges, in the author’s experience, is paralleled by a specific neurotransmitter.

Intervention and Outcome: A review of the author’s CTS hypothesis is offered, and a review of this structural finding’s relationship to the neurotransmitter status of the patient is given. Nutritional precursors for the neurotransmitters are presented. The pattern associated with the GV-21 finding provides the doctor with a guide to treatment procedures that will correct both the CTS challenge and the GV-21 TL.

Conclusion: The application of the concepts of CTS is argued to be of value in identifying structural and chemical patterns that affect patients. Clinical trials with concurrent biochemical testing are now warranted to validate or refute the correlations offered by the author. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:125-130)

Key Indexing Terms: Neurotransmitter Agents; Acupuncture Points; Diagnosis; Treatment; Muscle Weakness; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

Walter H. Schmitt, Jr., D.C., D.I.B.A.K., D.A.B.C.N.

ABSTRACT Objective: A method of evaluation for the functional status of the autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems is presented.

Clinical Features: When an AK MMT reveals a weak muscle, there must be an inhibited central integrative state (CIS) at the alpha-motoneurons (alpha-MNs) that are the origin of the nerve to that muscle. The afferent inputs to alpha-MNs include collaterals from the intermediolateral (IML) column motoneurons which are the primary autonomic MNs. Autonomic function which originates at the hypothalamus is transmitted to the reticular formation and this information descends to the spinal cord via reticulospinal tracts which affect both IML MNs and alpha-MNs. Therefore, changes in autonomic function will affect, in a predictable, specific fashion, the CIS of alpha-MNs and hence, muscle strength and weakness patterns during MMT. The neurological consequences of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system activity are reviewed.

Intervention and Outcome: Since autonomic functions implicate somatic motor pathways, changes in muscle function will accompany changes in autonomic status. To evaluate autonomic functions in the body, the author describes a number of specific sensory receptor challenges. To determine whether an organ has decreased sympathetic or parasympathetic activity, pinching or rubbing over the organ’s visceral referred pain area is used as sensory challenges (pinching increases nociception and activates sympathetic activity; whereas rubbing blocks nociception by activating mechanoreceptors). A number of the author’s previous papers are reviewed showing how several other autonomic challenges to the nervous system are employed.

Conclusion: Sensory receptor based diagnostic challenges, including nociceptors, mechanoreceptors, visual and gustatory receptors may be used to evaluate the functional status of the autonomic nervous system in patients via the IML and alpha-MN connection. Controlled clinical trials of these procedures are called for. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:131-140)

Key Indexing Terms: Autonomic Nervous System; Neural Pathways; Nervous System Physiology; Muscle Weakness; Diagnosis; Treatment; Muscle Weakness; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

Dale Schusterman, D.C., D.I.B.A.K.

ABSTRACT Objective: To discuss the function of ear dominance and how it impacts the nervous system.

Clinical Features: The work of the French ear surgeon Alfred Tomatis, M.D., provides the basis for this paper. Hearing is the first sense to develop in utero at 6 months and is therefore the first and most important link with the outer environment. Later, with the development of language, a neurological dominance is created in the nervous system as a result of the neural tracts involved. Much of Dr. Tomatis’ research involves how language and hearing develop and function through the nervous system. The dominance correlates with left-brain and right ear function. Under this hypothesis, all functions in the human body must be properly aligned under the guidance of the right ear in order for there to be balance. Any pattern not amenable to right ear control is potentially invisible to the physician using AK or any other therapist.

Intervention and Outcome: Right ear dominance is related to the recurrent laryngeal nerve that comes off the vagus nerve and proceeds to the larynx. The pathway of this nerve is shorter on the right side of the body than the left. Tomatis’ postulates that the reason most people are right handed is due to the development of the language centers in the left hemisphere of the brain. The right ear connections to the left-brain and the shorter right laryngeal nerve that crosses over into the left hemisphere become the pathway of choice for auditory/vocal development. A sequence of cranial challenges and corrections is described which moves patients who are left ear dominant into a right ear dominant mode.

Conclusion: The need for right ear dominance gives the therapist a place to start in balancing the nervous system. Clinical trials for the hypotheses and methods of treatment presented in this paper are warranted. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:149-161)

Key Indexing Terms: Dominance, Cerebral; Ear; Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve; Diagnosis; Treatment; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

Samuel F. Yanuck, D.C., F.I.A.C.A.

ABSTRACT Objective: Two cases successfully treated for vestibular dysfunction are described.

Clinical Features: A variety of problems arising from the vestibular apparatus of the ear produce the symptoms of dizziness or vertigo. Reestablishing normal function of either the vestibular apparatus itself or the brain stem nuclei responsible for the integration of vestibular signals produces favorable clinical outcomes by reducing the symptoms of vestibular problems in the author’s experience.

Intervention and Outcome: The patient should be neurologically organized before this method is employed. The patient TLs the right TW-23 acupuncture point (located in the depression at the lateral corner of the eyebrow) while simultaneously touching the right sartorius NL reflex. If only the simultaneous contact creates a weakening effect, correct by tapping over TW-23 while maintaining the TL to the sartorius NL. Add taste receptor stimulation with a source of caffeine. At this point, two-hand TL should have no effect with or without caffeine. While the patient maintains two-handed TL, the patient rotates the head briskly to the right. Immediately test a strong indicator muscle. If weakness is produced, have the patient repeat the maneuver, and perform Injury Recall Technique by tugging lightly on the right foot caudalward. Check for the same finding to the left. Patients with vestibular problems can generally be improved by reducing both adrenal stress and digestive dysfunction. Two patient case histories are given (a 49 year old female with Meniere’s disease, and a 60 year old female with vertigo), that were effectively relieved of their symptoms in one treatment.

Conclusion: Functional problems with the vestibular mechanism are reported to be successfully treated using AK methods, and the above procedures provided significant relief for the two patients described. (Collected Papers International College of Applied Kinesiology, 1997-1998;1:183-186)

Key Indexing Terms: Meniere’s Disease; Vertigo; Dizziness; Diagnosis; Treatment; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

I.C.A.K.-D/ I.A.A.K. Research

The Following is a Compilation of Applied Kinesiology Research Papers from the Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, Special Edition 1997

– Edited by Scott Cuthbert, D.C.

The number of physicians listed in the Yearbook 2005 for the ICAK-D (Germany) and the ICAK Benelux are:

  • Medical doctors 191
  • Dentists 250
  • Alternative Practitioner 102
  • Physical therapists 227
  • Osteopaths 55
  • Chiropractors 5
  • Other members 12
  • Total members 842
Werner Klopfer, M.D., D.D.S.

ABSTRACT Objective: 3 case reports are presented showing a relationship between dental problems and the musculoskeletal system.

Clinical Features: Case 1 involved a 36-year-old male with recurrent pains in the lower back and right foot. Chiropractic and AK treatments to the L5 vertebra and category II pelvic fault and TMJ failed to provide relief. Case 2 involved a 46-year-old patient with recurrent thoracic spine pain and consistently recurring pain in the 5th rib for a period of 3 ½ years. Repeated chiropractic treatment provided no sustained improvement in the rib and thoracic pain. Case 3 involved a 41-year-old female with severe continuous pain through the left side of her neck and shoulder, radiating into the back of the left upper arm.

Intervention and Outcome: In case 1 a positive TL was found to tooth 2/5 with simultaneous contact of L5 and the left sacroiliac joint. Positive TL to teeth 4/7, 2/2, 2/5, 2/6 were found. Upon dental surgery tooth 2/2 had an extensive cyst in the palate; tooth 2/5 the gutta percha point pushed 3 millimeters past apex then was bent over palatally; tooth 4/7 found no complications. After dental surgery there was reduction of symptoms and negative Category II and L5 findings. Cases 2 and 3 showed similar reductions in musculoskeletal pains with therapy to the teeth. Therapy was based on dental findings, though in each case they were confirmed with positive TL to the involved teeth.

Conclusion: Testing for a dental focus even though there is no pain from the teeth is worthwhile in cases of therapy resistant syndromes in the locomotor system. More extensive investigations with larger patient cohorts may clarify the links between the neurological tooth, the dental focus, and musculoskeletal pain. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:4-5)

Key Indexing Terms: Dental Caries; Root Caries; Dental Care; Dental Research; Abnormalities, Musculoskeletal; Diagnosis; Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

Dr. Med. Eugen Burtscher

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the inter-examiner correlation between AK challenge testing and therapy localization testing.

Clinical Features: 6 medical doctors with at least 60 hours of AK training examined a female patient who had no knowledge about MMT or AK. The examiners tested the following 10 pairs of muscles bilaterally (rectus femoris, piriformis, tensor fascia lata, popliteus, latissimus dorsi, infraspinatus, teres minor, deltoid, pectoralis major (clavicular division), and pectoralis major (sternal division). The examiners only gave an instruction to the patient of “maximum pressure” or “push hard” during MMT. The therapy localization test had the patient touch the area of the thymus gland, the area below the angle of the mandible on both sides, and the area over the TMJ with 2 or 3 finger tips, first on one side then the other. The structural challenge was maximum occlusion (intercuspation) by asking the patient to bite hard while the muscle tests were performed. Any change in muscle strength was counted as a positive challenge.

Intervention and Outcome: 20 muscle tests were performed by each of the 6 doctors separately. A correlation between doctors of 86.6% was found (the doctors agreed on the normotonic, hypertonic, or weak state of the muscle tested). The testing of the TL was positive in 38 of the muscle tests and showed a correlation between doctors of 87%. The challenge test showed a correlation of 100% between doctors.

Conclusion: Altogether this study showed excellent inter-examiner reliability, and showed that these two AK tests (challenge and TL) show the same comparability and reproducibility as is expected of other common examination techniques in manual medicine. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:7-9)

Key Indexing Terms: Validation Studies [Publication Type]; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity; Kinesiology, Applied

Dr. Ivan Ramsak

ABSTRACT Objective: To present a case of chronic conjunctivitis that was successfully treated with homeopathic nosodes using AK MMT for the diagnosis.

Clinical Features: A 55-year-old female presented with a case of constant conjunctivitis, with 3 to 4 centimeters of periorbital itching, reddening and desquamating exanthema. She also woke up every night between 2 and 3 am with a temporal headache and lay awake for 1 hour until the pressure in the head eased. A local eye and skin doctor had treated her, and all treatments had been unsuccessful. The patient had previously experienced 2 hepatitides, at ages 12 and 25 years of age. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.

Intervention and Outcome: AK examination showed positive TL to the liver/gallbladder, thyroid and pancreas reflexes. The nosode Acidum nitricum comp. was tested and produced inhibition on MMT. The nosode Acidum nitricum contains aniline and formaldehyde, both of which are used in the manufacturing of furniture. The patient remarked that new kitchen furniture was placed in her home 2 months previously, and that increased tear flow and burning eyes resulted. The nosode Chloramphenicol was positive also, and contains tetracycline D8. The patient reported that she had taken a tetracycline preparation for 3 weeks because of a bronchial infection she had suffered from 2 months previously. All the allopathic drugs were discontinued that had shown a weakening reaction on testing, and the patient was urged to ventilate her kitchen thoroughly. 4 days later her periorbital exanthema had declined. 2 weeks later her general condition had stabilized. Numerous nutritional, detoxification, and homeopathic treatments were made for this patient as necessary as determined by AK MMT. This case resolved successfully.

Conclusion: In cases of multiple strains by different nosodes, the first toxicity rule should be followed wherein the most poisonous toxin is removed first, regardless of the time of contact.   In this case, the environmental toxins in this patient affected her liver that was already pre-damaged by two hepatitides, and the result was a disturbed liver metabolism that was affecting the eyes. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:12-14)

Key Indexing Terms: Conjunctivitis; Homeopathy; Medical Records; Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition; Diagnosis;   Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

Wolfgang Gerz, M.D., D.I.B.A.K.

ABSTRACT Objective: To present a new method of discovery for the problem of neurologic disorganization in patients using AK MMT methods.

Clinical Features: Neurologic disorganization (called “switching” in AK) refers to an abnormal condition in which the nervous system signals or interprets signals improperly, causing confusion in the body and in MMT. The classic AK methods of diagnosing this condition in patients are reviewed. It has been found that there are still patients who have normal muscle function that are in contradiction to laboratory values. Other patients had good muscle testing outcomes guided by AK diagnostic methods, but poor clinical responses.

Intervention and Outcome: The term “therapeutic switching” is introduced. This involves finding a positive challenge to the sensory nervous system (structural or chemical), and then using the classic AK tests for switching. In some cases, a positive finding for switching will then appear. The next step is to find the challenge that negates the switching. 3 case histories are reviewed where the finding of “therapeutic switching” was present and important to a successful outcome in therapy. Therapeutic switching can be defined as a state of functional neurologic disorganization, shown by the classic AK methods, which is found only after challenging the patient with a therapeutic remedy or measure.

Conclusion: Therapeutic switching should be suspected in cases where there is no evidence of switching with the classic AK methods of analysis, yet the patient’s MMT is contradictory to laboratory results or obvious clinical findings. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:19-21)

Key Indexing Terms: Neurologic Manifestations; Diagnosis; Treatment; Chiropractic; Kinesiology, Applied

Dr. Med. Werner Klopfer

ABSTRACT Objective: To present a case series report showing that a pulse technique on the first cervical vertebra, according to the methods of Arlen, could reduce the number of dental splint corrections needed in treating patients with TMD.

Clinical Features: In 10 patients a multi-layer wax bite plate was prepared based on the model of Dr. Harold Gelb. The bite plates were checked using AK MMT. The splint was then used therapeutically for the patient if, during occlusion, a previously weak muscle became normotonic and if other parameters such as TL to the cervical spine and sacroiliac joints were negative. A description of atlas therapy, according to Lohse-Busch, is reviewed. The importance of the neurology of the upper cervical spine is presented.

Intervention and Outcome: In 5 of the patients the atlas vertebrae was treated, and in the control group the atlas was not treated manually. The changed bites were then checked at a following dental appointment immediately following the atlas therapy or on the next day. In the 5 patients who underwent atlas therapy, the adjustment of the atlas produced between 1.7 to 2.2 millimeter reductions in the height of the splints, with the same improved AK test results with the reduced splint size. In all patients of the control group without atlas therapy, lowering of the bite levels was only minimally possible by 0.1 to 0.3 millimeters or not possible at all. On further lowering an indicator muscle became weak on occlusion.

Conclusion: Influencing the therapeutic bite level by means of atlas therapy shows that there are central nervous system connections between the temporomandibular joint, the cervical receptor field, and overall jaw statics. This study showed that orthodontic measures for stabilizing the TMJ were made easier with atlas therapy because of the smaller number of alterations necessary to the bite position to achieve the ideal intercusping for patients with TMJ problems. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:28-30)

Key Indexing Terms: Temporomandibular Joint; Comprehensive Dental Care; Orthodontics; Dental Models; Atlas; Medical Records; Muscle Weakness; Diagnosis;   Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

Dr. Med. Dent. Rudolf Meierhofer

ABSTRACT Objective: To report on the use of various dental materials used in practice and their evaluation using AK MMT methods.

Clinical Features: Because dental materials can produce intolerances in patients, the choice of the proper material is important for the dentist. Toxic reactions to the applied materials are more common today, and the dentist must keep a variety of products in stock in order to respond to patients who have adverse reactions to the dental materials used. 250 patients in a retrospective study were evaluated. MMT was evaluated to find if AK testing could provide a simple method to discover dental materials that might cause toxic reactions in patients.

Intervention and Outcome: This study used a normotonic muscle. The dental material was then placed on the tongue for at least 30 seconds. After each material was placed on the tongue, the normotonic muscle was tested for a response. The mouth was rinsed with water and the other dental materials were tested for response. Construction materials tested were Phosphatzement, Dyract + Prime/Adh., Comoglass + Syntacs, Zhanelka, Alba Machzahn-Por, and Transit, and the plastic materials tested were Heliomolar + Syntac, Tetric + Syntac, Tetricceram + Synt., Charisma, and Blend A Med. The reaction to these materials were noted as weak; normotonic; and hypertonic, and tabulated.

Conclusion: These results indicate large differences in how dental materials are tolerated by different patients. Therefore individual testing may be necessary for each patient treated with dental materials. Further clinical trials with a control group who have these materials placed in their teeth and their reaction to these materials monitored will be necessary. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:33-34)

Key Indexing Terms: Comprehensive Dental Care; Biomedical and Dental Materials; Dental Amalgam; Evaluation Studies; Medical Records; Kinesiology, Applied

Richard Meldener, D.C., D.I.B.A.K.

ABSTRACT Objective: To explain the rationale of the Injury Recall Technique (I.R.T.) and to describe its method of diagnosis and treatment.

Clinical Features: This paper is based on the concepts developed by two podiatrists, and integrated into AK by Dr. Walter Schmitt. The I.R.T. concept suggests that most injuries of significance are reflected in the talus bone being drawn up into the ankle mortis. They suggest that this reaction remains long after the original injury heals. This problem in the ankle mortis may continue to interfere with normal neuromuscular activity. The talus reaction to injury is suggested to be part of a larger reaction to trauma: the withdrawal reflex mediated through the flexor reflex afferent pathway in the spinal cord.

Intervention and Outcome: The method of I.R.T. testing and treatment are provided. This involves testing any strong indicator muscle for weakening while gently pushing the talus bone headward while the patient TLs an area of previous trauma. The doctor may pinch the area of previous trauma, or apply cold shock to the area of previous trauma. Treatment involves a gentle pull (not a thrust) of the talus bone inferiorly (in the direction of opening the ankle mortis joint) while simultaneously the patient TLs the area of previous trauma, or the doctor pinches the area of previous trauma.

Conclusion: Persistent post-traumatic talus reflex compaction is part of the “persistent withdrawal reflex” pattern that accompanies injury. This persistent withdrawal reflex concerns mainly the ankle joint, the wrist joint and the occipito-cervical joints. The author has found that the other joints of the upper and lower extremities and cervical spine are also a part of this pattern and may require I.R.T. also. Controlled clinical trials of these methods are required. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:36-38)

Key Indexing Terms: Spinal Injuries; Soft Tissue Injuries; Diagnosis; Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

Karl Kienle, M.D.

ABSTRACT Objective: To present a case series report of 3 boys with learning and behavioral disabilities who were successfully treated with AK therapy.

Clinical Features: 3 boys, aged 9-11, presented with dyslexia, hyperactivity, aggressiveness and anxiety. A number of the causative factors in cases of hyperactivity and learning disabilities are reviewed.

Intervention and Outcome: In two of the cases, AK food allergy testing was performed, and offending foods were eliminated. Candida albicans was present in both of these cases, and this was treated nutritionally and homeopathically. Correction of hemisphere integration using cranial therapy was employed in both cases. At 2 months and 3 months respectively the boys and the parents reported obvious improvement in their behavior and performance. The third case was treated without MMT and from the history only using homeopathic remedies. This patient also was much improved.

Conclusion: These are selected cases in which simple corrections brought about clinical success. However, in our experience, the problems with learning and behavioral disabilities often lie in a combination of intestinal dysbiosis and candida albicans infestation. Nutritional deficiencies in zinc and vitamin B6 are also common. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:41-43)

Key Indexing Terms: Learning Disorders; Dyslexia; Candidiasis; Food Hypersensitivity; Diagnosis; Treatment; Homeopathy; Kinesiology, Applied

Dr. Med. Robert Schmidhofer

ABSTRACT Objective: To present a case series report on the relationship of knee problems with allergic diseases.

Clinical Features: A retrospective study of 40 cases is presented that found 75% of the patients with knee pain showing rectus femoris muscle dysfunction (22 hypertonic, 8 inhibited), with 9 patients showing no reaction, and 12 or 30% of the patients showing generalized hypertonicity. Functional disturbance of the knee muscles has a negative influence on coordination and leads to multi-causal stress syndromes and increases the susceptibility of the knee to injury. The relationship between quadriceps muscle dysfunction and the digestive system is reviewed. The effects of a dysfunctioning digestive system (enteropathy, dysbiosis and allergic reactions) on structural problems are reviewed.

Intervention and Outcome: The addition of an individual causal metabolic therapy including immune modulation and avoidance of allergens to conservative orthopedic therapy showed a remarkable improvement and healing tendency even in difficult cases.

Conclusion: A great number of chronic knee problems may be due to overload syndromes based upon digestive dysfunction. The biologic therapy for these cases that were successfully treated was based on the results of an AK examination. (Medical Journal for Applied Kinesiology, May 1997;1:47-50)

Key Indexing Terms: Knee Injuries; Recurrence; Food Hypersensitivity; Case Reports [Publication Type]; Diagnosis; Treatment; Kinesiology, Applied

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